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November 27,2013

The First Thanksgiving: A Tale of Common Knowledge

Vintage-thanksgiving-clip-art-turkey-in-top-hat-with-restaurant-menusby The 万博手机官网APA Style Radio Theatre

(人群噪音,conversation,chairs squeaking,gradually give way to the sound of a gavel)

主席:女士们先生们。...安顿下来,if you please.Thank you.I hereby call to order the Autumn Assembly of the North American Society of Professional Nitpickers.代表整个集团,我想感谢餐饮委员会为我们刚刚享用的愉快的假日大餐。The turkey was roasted to a turn,the pies were superb,and the wine pairings were expertly chosen (aside from the sauterne and sauerkraut,but I shall not quibble with this fine Baltimore tradition).

在刷新状态下,let us now turn to the business at hand: establishing the core content of common knowledge about Thanksgiving.Now,as we all know,1621年,马萨诸塞州庆祝了第一个感恩节。...

(Commotion)

CHAIR: Order!秩序!(gavel)主席承认来自弗吉尼亚州的代表。

VIRGINIA: Without wishing to be disagreeable in any way,I must respectfully contradict that statement.弗吉尼亚州的常识是,第一个感恩节是在12月4日在伯克利百家庆祝的,1619年——朝圣者抵达新大陆前一整年。

MASSACHUSETTS: Oh,not this again!Sure,一船人降落在弗吉尼亚州,宣布“每年向全能的上帝永远的感恩节”。But everybody knows the first Thanksgiving was celebrated in Plymouth Colony in 1621.它每年都在电视上播出Peanutsspecial,the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade.你见过有人穿上救生衣当约翰·伍德利夫船长吗?不!迈尔斯站着!

VIRGINIA: Apparently the honorable delegate from Massachusetts is unable to do the math—or the history,如果他认为漫画是普利茅斯历史数据的有效来源parvenus.

(Angry shouts of "Who you calling a parvenu?"等。,are interrupted by the sound of a pistol shot fired in the air.)

TEXAS: Glad I got your attention,因为我现在可以解决这个问题。The first Thanksgiving was celebrated in El Paso,Texas,by feller named Juan de Oñate.April 30,1598.Write that down,boys,这是官方的。Common knowledge,you might say.

FLORIDA: If we're going to count non-English settlers,what about my Huguenots?1564年6月,他们为了安全逃离法国庆祝感恩节。It was right near Jacksonville.

MASSACHUSETTS: Yeah,OK,they could be contenders.但他们现在在哪里?

佛罗里达:他们都是在1565年被曼恩德斯上将屠杀的。

(Silence)

伊利诺伊州:忘了殖民地的东西。We celebrate Thanksgiving today because of the federal holiday,which was started in 1863 by Abe Lincoln.

弗吉尼亚:乔治华盛顿先做了。

NEW YORK: And FDR did it last!

(Hubbub)

加拿大:我能指出没有人在解决真正的问题吗?也就是说你们都在错误的月份庆祝感恩节。现在在加拿大,we...

(Cries of "Sit down!", "So?",and "But you'reCanada!"drown out the rest of his speech.)

CHAIR: Ladies and gentlemen,there has been sufficient discussion.Let us proceed to the Showing of the References.

(Paper rustles as each delegate produces a list of references to substantiate his or her point.)

CHAIR: From the Showing of the References,it is clear that each of you has a well-supported claim to be representing common knowledge about the first Thanksgiving.Your information is factual,not mere opinion;it is well-established in the community in which it is used;and it is supported by evidence.这是共同知识的三个标准,and you have met them.I move that we adjourn to the bar for football.所有赞成者都说“赞成”。

CHORUS: Aye!

椅子:运动进行。Happy Thanksgiving,everyone!

Thanksgiving-Chef-VintageGraphicsFairy1
寓意:
Facts that are common knowledge in one setting may need to be backed up by 万博手机版登录citations in another.Common knowledge is not an opinion ("Tamales are better than turkey") but a fact ("Thanksgiving is always on Thursday").

The Showing of the References

Baker,JW(2009)。Thanksgiving: The biography of an American holiday.Lebanon: University of New Hampshire Press.

Cromack,S.(2011,November 22).A seat at the table of the nation [Blog post].Retrieved fromhttp://histsociety.blogspot.com/2011/11/seat-at-table-of-nation.html

Florida Department of State,Division of Historical Resources.(n.d.).Fort Caroline and the first Thanksgiving.Retrieved fromhttp://www.visitflorida.com/en-us/viva/articles/2012/may/2208-fort-caroline-and-the-first-thanksgiving.html

Franklin D.Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum.(n.d.).The year we had two Thanksgivings.Retrieved fromhttp://docs.fdrlibrary.marist.edu/THANKSG.HTML#doc

Kingman,M(1990).The first Thanksgiving?Retrieved fromhttp://www.texasalmanac.com/topics/history/timeline/first-thanksgiving

Plimoth Plantation.(n.d.).感恩节历史。Retrieved fromhttp://www.plimeth.org/learn/mrl/read/感恩节历史

Shenkman,R.(2001,November).Top 10 myths about Thanksgiving.Retrieved from网址:http://hnn.us/article/406

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